Common Writing Errors
Once you’ve found a writer who publishes what you write, you wish to current yourself in one of the simplest ways potential. Submitting an unedited manuscript is a bit like going to a job interview sporting a purple Mohawk, no shoes, torn denims, and a soiled T-shirt. Your resume could also be perfect, and your qualifications impeccable, but something tells me you will not get the job. The publisher is investing quite a bit in each e-book it accepts. E-publishers tend to invest loads of time, and print publishers tend to invest an promoting funds and the cost of carrying a large stock. Why ask them to speculate hours and days of modifying time as well? If the publisher srk fan movie shirt will get two or three or ten practically identical books, you need yours to be the one requiring the least modifying. The first thing it is advisable do, and that i hope you’ve got already carried out it, is use the spelling and grammar checkers in your phrase processor. It will catch many of the “widespread errors” on my list. But I have been requested to edit many books the place the writer obviously didn’t do this, and that i confess that I could well have been lazy and let a couple of mine get to my editors unchecked. Dangerous Michael! There are another worthwhile lists at the following web sites: Common Errors in English http://www.wsu.edu/~brians/errors Words That Are often Confused http://lbarker.orcon.web.nz/words.html Here is a listing of the mistakes I see most frequently. * Dialogue where everyone speaks in excellent English and by no means violates any of the bullet points below. Okay, I made that up. That is not likely a typical drawback at all. But I have seen it, and it is a horrible factor. * It’s is a contraction for “it is” and its is possessive. * Who’s is a contraction for “who is” and whose is possessive. * You’re is a contraction for “you are” and your is possessive. * They’re is a contraction for “they are,” there’s a place, their is possessive. * There’s is a contraction for “there’s” and theirs is possessive. * If you have been being attentive to the above examples, you’ve noticed that possessive pronouns by no means use apostrophes. Its, whose, your, yours, their, theirs… * Let’s is a contraction for “let us.” * When making a phrase plural by including an s, do not use an apostrophe. (The cats are asleep.) * When making a word possessive by including an s, use an apostrophe. (The cat’s bowl is empty.) * A bath is a noun, what you’re taking. Bathe is a verb, the action you do when taking or giving a bath. * A breath is a noun, what you take. Breathe is a verb, the motion you do when taking a breath. * You put on clothes. When you put them on, you clothe yourself. They’re made of cloth. * Whenever you learn a sentence with the phrase “that,” ask yourself if you can delete that phrase and still obtain clarity. In that case, kill it. The identical might be said of all sentences. If you’ll be able to delete a phrase with out altering the meaning or sacrificing clarity, do it. “And then” is a phrase price utilizing your word processor’s search feature to look for. * Regulate verb tenses. “He pulled the pin and throws the grenade” is not a superb sentence. * Keep an eye on making everything agree regarding singular and plural. “My cat and my wife is sleeping,” “My cat sleep on the sofa,” and “My wife is a wonderful ladies” should not good sentences. (I exaggerate in these examples, but you already know what I mean.) * I and me, he and him, etc. I hope no editor is rejecting any novels for this one, because I suspect that most individuals get confused at instances. In dialogue, do regardless of the heck you need because it sounds extra “natural.” However for the sake of your narrative, I am going to try to clarify the rule and the cheat. The rule involves knowing whether or not your pronoun is the topic or object. When Jim Morrison of The Doorways sings, “til the stars fall from the sky for you and that i,” he is making a very good rhyme however he’s utilizing dangerous grammar. In keeping with the rule, “you and that i” is the item of the preposition “for,” thus it must be “for you and me.” The cheat entails pretending “you and” isn’t there, and just instinctively figuring out “for I” simply would not sound right. (I feel only native English audio system can use my cheat. For the record, I have great admiration for authors writing in languages that are not their native tongues.) * Ought to of, would of, could of. This one can make me throw issues. It’s improper! What you mean is should have, would have, could have. Or possibly you mean the contractions. Should’ve, would’ve, might’ve. And perhaps ‘ve sounds a bit like of. However it’s not! Of just isn’t a verb. Not now, not ever. * Extra, shorter sentences are higher. Always. Do not ask a single sentence to do too much work or advance the action too much, because then you’ve got numerous phrases scattered about like srk fan movie shirt “that” and “nonetheless” and “as a result of” and “or” and “as” and “and” and “while,” very similar to this moderately pathetic excuse for a sentence proper right here. * On an identical (exaggerated) be aware: “He laughed a wicked chortle as he kicked Ralphie in the face whereas he aimed the gun at Lerod and pulled the trigger and then laughed maniacally as Lerod twisted in agony due to the bullet that burned through his face and splattered his brains against the wall and made the wall seem like an overcooked lasagne or an abstract painting.” Now tell me this sentence is not trying to do too much. * Too means additionally, two is a number, to is a preposition. * He said/she stated. Use those only when essential to determine who’s talking. They distract the reader, pulling him out of the story and saying, “Hey look, you’re reading a ebook.” Ideally, inside the context of the dialogue, we know who’s talking just by the model or the ideas. When a new speaker arrives on the scene, determine him or her immediately. Past that, keep it to a minimum. Oh yeah, and give each speaker his/her own paragraph. * Billy-Bob smiled his most profitable smile and said, “What’s a nice lady such as you doing in a spot like this?” I do not like this. Use two shorter sentences in the identical paragraph. Billy-Bob smiled his most winning smile. “What’s a nice girl like you doing in a place like this?” Similar effect, fewer phrases, no dialogue tag (he mentioned). * In the earlier example, I don’t love “smiled his most winning smile,” as a result of it’s redundant and also cliched. Please, if you find yourself writing something like that, try to find a better manner to precise it before you simply give up and leave it like it’s. During the self-edit, I imply, not during the preliminary writing. * “The glow-in-the-darkish poster of Jesus glowed at nighttime.” This editor will not let that one go. Much too redundant, and it appeared in a printed novel. * Lie is what you do when you lie down on the mattress, lay is what you do to a different object that you lay on the table. Just to confuse issues, the previous tense of lie is lay. Whenever I hit a lay/lie word in reading, I cease and suppose. Do that if you self-edit. (Observe: Don’t repair this one in dialogue unless your character is kind of properly-educated, as a result of most individuals say it flawed. I do.) * Beware of the dangling modifier. “Speeding into the room, the exploding bombs dropped seven of the troopers.” Wait a minute! The bombs did not rush into the room. The troopers did. To get all technical about it, the primary half is the “dependent clause,” and it must have the same subject because the “independent clause” which follows. Otherwise it is amateur, distracting, and a real ache for your poor overworked editor. * If you’re able (many readers will not be), keep an eye fixed out for lacking periods, bizarre commas, closing quotes, opening quotes, and so on. Once i learn a book, be it an e book or a printed ebook, I can not help however spot every single one that’s lacking. They slap me upside the head, which makes me a great editor but a lousy reader. If you’re like me, use that to your advantage. If not, that is what editors are for! Michael LaRocca’s website at http://freereads.topcities.com was chosen by Author’S DIGEST as one of many one zero one Finest Web sites For Writers in 2001 and 2002. He published two novels in 2002 and has two more scheduled for publication in 2004. He additionally works as an editor for an e-writer. He teaches English at a college in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province, China, and publishes the free weekly publication Mad About Books. Copyright 2004, Michael LaRocca Concerning the Writer
Michael is an American who’s lived in Asia since 1999. He at present teaches English at Shaoxing University in Zhejiang Province, China. He telecommutes to Hong Kong as a legal transcriptionist, edits for Books Unbound, and he revealed four novels in 2002. His website will present you how to improve your writing, discover the appropriate publisher, and promote your book after the sale. It explains why it’s best to by no means pay to be printed. It has gained two Sime~Gen Readers Choice Awards and was listed in Writers Digest’s The best one hundred and one Web sites For Writers in 2001 and 2002.